Mangosteen Benefits for Diabetics Health Nutrition

Diabetes is a chronic disorder of carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism characterized by an imbalance between insulin supply and demand. This condition occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin. Your body needs insulin to convert glucose into energy.

There are two classification of Diabetes. Diabetic One is classified as being insulin-dependent. This type of diabetes affects only approximately 5 to 10 of the of the population. Type 1 Diabetes, has been known as Juvenile-onset because it is usually diagnosed in those under 30 years of age. The pancreas in this type, undergoes an autoimmune attack by the body itself, and is rendered incapable of making insulin.

Second, is the Type 2 diabetes, also known as non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or referred to as adult onset diabetes. Patients in this kind of type can still be able to produce insulin; on the other hand, it is relatively inadequately for their bodys needs, particularly in the face of insulin resistance. Type 2 diabetes major feature, is that it lacks sensitivity to insulin by the cells of the body.

Symptoms of having high blood levels of glucose can cause several problems, including blurry vision, excessive thirst, fatigue, frequent urination, hunger and weight loss. However, because type 2 diabetes develops slowly, some people with high blood sugar experience no symptoms at all.

There are certain factors, which may lead to diabetes. First question comes in mind is, is diabetes inherited? If the diabetes runs in the family for numerous years then heredity plays a major role in the development of the condition. People who have a family background of having a history of diabetes are 25% more prone to develop diabetes.Diet is a major factor responsible for causing this chronic disorder. Consuming high amount of sweets or the incorrect kind of food intake does not cause diabetes. However, it may cause obesity and this connects with people developing Type 2 diabetes. Stress also does not directly cause diabetes, although it may be a trigger for the body turning on itself as in the case of Type 1 diabetes. It really does, however, making the symptoms worse for those who already suffering diabetes.

Age is also one of the risk factor for diabetes. It has been studied that as one grows older, specifically 45 years of age. It is mainly because due to old age, the person becomes less active, tends to gain weight, leading to pancreatic dysfunction giving it greater risk of developing the said condition.

In the course of latest advancements made in exercises, a persons weight can be preserved under control, glucose present in the blood can be utilized by cells to generate energy and finally Pancreas work load can be reduced drastically.


There is no cure for type 1 diabetes. Treatments for diabetes can consist of many elements. It involves medicines, balance diet and exercise to control blood sugar and prevent symptoms.

Medications to treat diabetes include insulin and glucose-lowering pills called oral hypoglycaemic drugs. You should also work closely to your diet and learn to be consistent in choosing the right food. Regular exercise is especially important for people with diabetes.Conventional treatments in addition to complementary and alternative treatments are available. What are the alternative ways to treat diabetes? Supplements and plant foods are some of these alternatives.

Mangosteen on Diabetes

What is the great value of the tropical fruit MANGOSTEEN in people suffering from diabetes? The amount of antioxidants present in mangosteen offer some benefit for those with diabetes specifically in boosting the immune system and in lowering blood cholesterol level in the blood. The preliminary stage of mangosteen research on its beneficial health effects shows potential promising results.The potent antioxidants present in this powerful fruit shows to improve glucose control effectively in patients whose pancreas continues to produce insulin. It exerts its effects by reducing insulin resistance in body tissues. Mangosteen does not increase your appetite or cause water retention.

Mangosteen fruit will, without a doubt, to be the most successful and powerful food supplement ever. The capsule form contains the purest, guaranteed 100% of mangosteen, while on the other hand, its liquid form contains just a little amount of its main ingredient due to the many additives included to it. The excellent sustenance of mangosteen can be found in its solid forms.

103. An African Experience: Passing Wisdom to Future Generations

In my blog of February 4, Is there Life after This LifeHarold Miller responded as follows:

“We have lived in Africa for 50 years and have readily imbibed African understandings of ‘life after death.’

At death one joins the corps of the “living dead”; those who passed on earlier and now live in the memory of the living, thus providing a range of important reference points with regard to ethics, morals, and understandings about Creator God.

Such an understanding calls for maximum investment during a lifetime in relationships with people, with the environment, with all that is life-giving. It is such investment that constitutes the elements comprising the role(s) of the “living dead.”

I invited Harold to give more details about passing on the wisdom of the elderly to succeeding generations. In the following account, Harold recalls attending a ritual designed to do just that. I included a few African proverbs on wisdom that Harold sent with the blog.

Passing wisdom to future generations, by Harold Miller

Africans have a ritual—Itwika—to bequeath Wisdom and Responsibility to the Next Generation. The ‘itwika’ ritual is initiated by an elder among the Agikuyu people of Kenya as a conscious handing-over of accumulated wisdom and responsibility to the succeeding generation. Such a ritual can be convened by an elder who has met the qualifications: completing the prescribed puberty rites of passage, married and the father of children and the grandfather of grandchildren. The Agikuyu ‘itwika’ ritual will vary among other African people groups

Itwika – Bequeathing Wisdom and
Responsibility to the Next Generation

In May 2006, I attended an Itwika ritual performed for Rev. Dr. John Gatu.  Gatu, at eighty-one years of age, was celebrated with a two-day reflective seminar crowned by a church service on the third day. In his youth, he served with the colonial King’s African Rifles and, most remarkably, had taken a loyalty oath to support the Mau Mau rebel movement that eventually led to independence from British colonial rule.

A wise man fills his ears before he empties his mouth.
African Proverb

Over his lifetime, Gatu had been involved in a most remarkable range of ecclesial and political initiatives. Together with other senior Kenyan church leaders, he participated in the politically and ecclesially risky mission to visit the controversial Kenyan nationalist, Jomo Kenyatta in a British prison. Kenyatta later became Kenya’s first President. Gatu served as a minister in the Presbyterian Church of East Africa, eventually holding its highest office. He had held high positions in multiple continent-wide and worldwide organizations that crossed traditional ecumenical and theological boundaries. He was a participant in the widely-recognized Lausanne Committee for World Evangelization in 1974 and played vital roles in achieving peace in Sudan and the war in Biafra. This remarkable man had achieved much and acquired great wisdom.

Even when seated the wise old man sees far.
African Proverb

The itwika was organized as a conscious handing-over of accumulated wisdom and responsibility to the succeeding generation. During the seminar segment of the ‘itwika’ celebration, a Kenyan Baptist theologian presented the case for dynamic continuity between the African religious heritage (African Religion) on the one hand, and Christianity as received from western missionaries, as the other. “We have heard the voice of God continuously in both faith traditions.”

“Living Dead” defined

In African religious thought, “There is no distinction between the physical world and the spiritual world; the afterlife is regarded as simply a continuation of life on earth. . . . Death is regarded as part of man’s destiny, a departure in which the physical body decays but the spirit moves on to another state of existence. . . .  As long as there is someone alive who can remember a deceased person, that person is considered as part of the ‘living dead.’” (New World Encyclopedia.),

The “living dead” are those who have lived well, died well and are remembered well, a status aspired to by the living.

At appropriate moments throughout the three-day ‘itwika’ event, a properly qualified Agikuyu elder, ensconced in a discrete corner of the premises, was playing classic Kikuyu ‘gicandi’ music in a plain-song folk idiom, presented with appropriate gravitas. The musician, attired in colobus monkey skins, created a musical sequence by means of a rattle strapped to his leg—activated by thumping of his foot—and by the sustained hand shaking of a gourd covered by a loose network of cowrie shells. With this rhythmic beat background, the performer ‘sang’ carefully nuanced cultural messages, focused on Gatu’s specific characteristics and contributions. With this ritual, the singer was bequeathing Gatu’s achievements and wisdom to his son and grandchildren, all present at the event. Thus, the three-day ‘itwika’ event functioned as a rite of passage.

How do we pass on wisdom to future generations? Do we need a ritualized way to do that? Glen

Harold MillerHarold Miller was born in 1935 in Hartville, Ohio into an Amish family, later to become members of a Conservative Mennonite congregation and moving to Arthur, Illinois. At draft age, he joined the Mennonite Central Committee’s (MCC) PAX program in Germany for three years. He graduated from Eastern Mennonite College and married Annetta Wenger who was born and raised as a missionary child in Tanganyika/Tanzania. Harold and Annetta served with Eastern Mennonite Board of Missions (EMM) in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania where he was assigned to the position of Secretary for Relief and Service in the Christian Council of Tanzania. After completing a MA in International Affairs, they were posted to Khartoum, Sudan where Harold served as logistics officer in the Sudan Council of Churches. Subsequent postings included to the National Council of Churches of Kenya as Secretary for Rural Development, administrative assignments for MCC in East Africa, and as staff person to the International Affairs Desk of the All Africa Conference of Churches, based in Nairobi, Kenya. Their final joint assignment before retirement was with MCC as reps to Sudan. They live in Nairobi, Kenya since their retirement in 2005.

102. Is there Life after this Life?

Most of us learned  about heaven as children – the place where we go after death if we’ve been good and trust in Jesus to get us there. And we had visions of heaven with pearly gates, mansions and streets paved with gold. We believe it is there that we will meet our loved ones who have gone on before. This expectation and hope bring much comfort to those who have lost a loved one.

A Pew Research survey (2008) showed that 74% of Americans including 18% of atheists believe in the afterlife. Many of us have never re-examined or articulated as adults what we believe about heaven and the afterlife.

Is it important to believe in the afterlife?  “This question is not inconsequential,” says Donna Schaper, Pastor of Judson Memorial Church in New York City. I recently interviewed her as the author of Approaching the End of Life. (The interview will be posted on The Collegeville Institute’s website, Bearings Online.)           .

Pastor Donna Schaper says:
Belief in the afterlife is important. It makes a difference because of the level of trust in the continuity of your life and its leaving. So if you live to be 80 years old, it trivializes your sense of being to think there is nothing further on.  I encourage people to imagine something beyond. . . . . . It’s not for us to know what it is but we can trust that there was great life before us and there will be great life after us. By trusting that, it allows you to place your own life in the proper context and to create meaning while alive. As people move into dotage, the sense of nothingess is the greatest threat. I’m trying to replace the nothingness with a something.

As a pastor, Donna helps to prepare persons for the next life.
 It’s a very good question to ask: What do you want to do before you die? When they have feelings about having wronged someone, I try to push them to make amends and I urge them to find a way to deal with a serious regret they have. As pastors, we provide companionship and offer trust that everything will be okay even if things are not okay now.

Hungarian writer Útmutató a Léleknek wrote the following parable about the afterlife as a conversation between two unborn babies in their mother’s womb. I suggest you read this twice—the first time for content and the second for meaning.

Is there Life after Delivery?
Do You Beleive in Mother? 
By Útmutató a Léleknek

Two babes were in their mother’s womb.  One asked the other, “Do you think there’s life after delivery?”

The other answered, “Why yes, of course.  There has got to be something after delivery.  Perhaps we are here to prepare ourselves for what we will be later.”

“Nonsense,” said the first.  “There is no life after delivery. What kind of life would that be?”

The second replied, “I don’t know, but there will be more light than here.  Maybe we will walk with our legs and eat with our mouths. Maybe we will have other senses that we can’t comprehend right now.”

The first snorted, “That is absurd.  Walking is impossible.  And eating with our mouths?  Ridiculous!   The umbilical cord supplies nutrition and everything we need.  But the umbilical cord is so short.  Life after delivery is to be logically excluded.”

The second insisted, “Well I think there is something, and maybe it’s different than it is here. Maybe we won’t need this physical cord anymore.”

The first replied, “That’s stupid.  If there is life, then why has no one ever come back from there? Delivery is the end of life, and in the after-delivery there is nothing but darkness and silence and oblivion.  It takes us nowhere.”

“Well, I don’t know, answered the second, “but certainly we will meet Mother and she will take care of us.”

The first one laughed,   “Mother?  You actually believe in Mother?  That’s nonsense. If Mother exists then where is She now?”

The second replied, “She is all around us.  We are surrounded by her.  We are of Her, it is in Her that we live.  Without Her our world would not and could not exist.”

Said the first, “Well, I don’t see her so it is only logical that She doesn’t exist.”

To which the second responded: “Sometimes, when it’s quiet and I focus and really listen, I can perceive her presence, and I can hear Her loving voice singing over us from above.

“You don’t know what you believe
                     until you have discussed it with another person.”                                                                                                     Donna Schaper

It’s important to believe in the existence of an afterlife and I encourage all of us to articulate what you believe. I will reiterate what I believe about the afterlife.

I believe there is life after this life.  I can cite no proof of that so it will continue to be a mystery. Partly, I choose to believe because that belief is firmly “in there” from my childhood. I also choose to believe because I see the comfort this belief brings at the time of the death of a loved one. Thirdly, I agree with Donna Schaper that believing in the afterlife brings a sense of continuity and hope for the future. I share the reality of not knowing with Baby Two in the parable above who speculates that we will be changed in many and significant ways. And I steadfastly believe with Baby Two that “certainly we will meet Mother [God] and she will take care of us.”



101. Medical Decisions Can Be Hard

You go to your doctor with an illness that may have been present for a day, a week or many weeks. The doctor does some preliminary testing and makes a presumptive diagnosis. The doctor recommends a complicated test or a surgical procedure. How do you decide what to do?

  • A daughter reported that over a four month period, her then 78-year-old father was intermittently confused, had a failing memory and had fallen several times. His doctor diagnosed early dementia but to rule out other causes the doctor had him wear a heart monitor as an outpatient. The monitor showed episodes of severe bradycardia (slow heartbeat) that coincided with his symptoms. A pacemaker was inserted and four years later he is doing well, alert, oriented without evidence of dementia.
  • This elderly man’s quality of life was vastly improved with a simple test and appropriate treatment. When I was in practice and a diagnosis seemed too easy, I always tried to remember to ask myself, “What else could it be?’
  • My neighbor told me about her 94-year-old father who had been falling frequently. After his most recent fall, he was taken to the emergency room because of a laceration of his scalp. After the laceration was sutured, the emergency room doctors said they needed to get a CAT scan. His daughter asked why. The doctor explained that the scan was necessary to see if there’s any bleeding in the brain. The daughter pointed out that at his age and state of health nothing would be done about the bleeding anyway; therefore, there is no reason to get a CAT scan. She credited having read Living Thoughtfully Dying Well with knowing that she had the option of refusing the CAT scan.

The daughter’s simple but astute question prevented an unnecessary procedure. In this country, it is reported that each year 30,000 people die from the complications of unnecessary tests and procedures.

  • An 84-year-old man came to my office because of an inguinal hernia. I verified that he did have a hernia. I asked, “Is it painful, does it bother you?” He replied saying it didn’t bother him at all. I asked him why he wanted the surgery done to repair the hernia. He replied, “I just don’t want to go to heaven with a hernia.” We surgically repaired the hernia.

There was no strong medical reason to do this surgery but psychologically, it gave this man peace of mind as he faced the end of his life and the afterlife.

Making these decisions can be difficult and fraught with anxiety and uncertainty. I suggest two things:1) get the best information you can and then 2) go forward in confidence after making your decision. Knowing what questions to ask is key in getting the necessary information.

Asking questions about a test that’s advised:
a) What specifically do we hope to learn from the test?
b)  How is the test done, and what (if any) are the risks of doing the test?
c)  How accurate is the test?
d) What do we do if the test is positive?
e) What do we do if the test is negative?
f) Does it hurt?
g) Is it covered by my insurance?

Asking questions about an operation or complicated procedure:
a) Why do I need this procedure?
b) How is the procedure done?
c) Is there any way to treat my condition without surgery?
d) What are the risks and complications of this procedure?
e) How long will it take me to recover?
f) Will the procedure preserve or improve my quality of life?
g) How often have you done this procedure?

Making medical decisions can be hard. Good collaboration with your doctor and asking the right questions will help instill confidence in the decision made.